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Pros and cons of various forms of Test Questions

Posted on: Srpen 16th, 2019 by Roman Novák No Comments

Pros and cons of various forms of Test Questions

It’s good to regularly review the advantages and disadvantages of the very widely used test questions plus the test banks that now frequently provide them.

Multiple-choice questions

  • Easy and quick to score, by hand or electronically
  • Can be written in order that they test a range that is wide of thinking skills
  • Can cover plenty of content areas on a single exam and nevertheless be answered in a class period
  • Often test skills that are literacy “if the student reads the question carefully, the answer is easy to acknowledge regardless of if the student knows little about the subject” (p. 194)
  • Provide unprepared students the chance to guess, along with guesses which can be right, they get credit for things they don’t know
  • Expose students to misinformation that will influence thinking that is subsequent this content
  • Take some time and skill to construct questions that are(especially good

True-false questions

  • Easy and quick to score
  • Regarded as being “one of the most extremely unreliable kinds of assessment” (p. 195)
  • Often written in order that almost all of the statement holds true save one small, often trivial little bit of information that then makes the whole statement untrue
  • Encourage guessing, and reward for correct guesses

Short-answer questions

  • Fast and simple to grade
  • Easy and quick to write
  • Encourage students to memorize terms and details, in order that their knowledge of the content remains superficial
  • Offer students a way to demonstrate knowledge, skills, and abilities in a variety of ways
  • Enables you to develop student writing skills, particularly the ability to formulate arguments supported with evidence and reasoning
  • Require extensive time to grade
  • Encourage usage of subjective criteria when answers that are assessing
  • If found in class, necessitate composition that is quick time for planning or revision, that could end up in poor-quality writing

Questions supplied by test banks

  • Save instructors the right time and energy taking part in writing test questions
  • Utilize the terms and methods that are found in the book
  • Rarely involve analysis, synthesis, application, or evaluation (cross-discipline research documents that approximately 85 percent of this questions in test banks test recall)
  • Limit the scope of the exam to text content; if used extensively, may lead students to conclude that the materials covered in class is unimportant and irrelevant

We have a tendency to think that they are the test that is only options, but there are many interesting variations. This article that promoted this review proposes one: Start with a question, and revise it until it could be answered with one word or a short phrase. Usually do not list any answer paper writing service options for that single question, but put on the exam an alphabetized list of answers. Students select answers from that list. A number of the answers provided works extremely well more than once, some may possibly not be used, and there are many more answers listed than questions. It’s a ratcheted-up version of matching. The test is made by the approach more difficult and decreases the chance of having an answer correct by guessing.

Remember, students do need to be introduced to your new or altered question format before they encounter it on an exam.

Editor’s note: The list of benefits and drawbacks comes in part through the article referenced here. Moreover it cites research evidence strongly related some of these advantages and disadvantages.

Reference: McAllister, D., and Guidice, R.M. (2012). This might be only a test: A machine-graded improvement towards the multiple-choice and true-false examination. Teaching in Higher Education, 17 (2), 193-207.

Reprinted from The Teaching Professor, 28.3 (2014): 8. © Magna Publications. All rights reserved.

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